How to Grow Pineapple from the Top

How to Grow Pineapple from the Top
Gracie Owens
Gracie Owens she/her - Author at YardPrep October 01, 2023

Choosing a Pineapple Top

When it comes to growing pineapples from the top, selecting the right pineapple top is crucial for successful propagation. You want to choose a pineapple top that is healthy and has the potential to grow into a thriving plant. Look for a top that has fresh, green leaves and no signs of damage or disease. The leaves should be firm and not wilted or yellowing. Additionally, the pineapple top should have a well-developed crown, which is the cluster of leaves at the top of the fruit. This crown will eventually become the new plant.

How to Grow Pineapple from the Top

To grow a pineapple from the top, twist off the leafy crown, remove some of the lower leaves, and allow it to dry for a few days. Plant the crown in well-draining soil, ensuring the base is covered, and water it regularly. Place the pot in a warm, sunny spot and wait patiently for the roots to develop. With proper care, your pineapple plant will start growing in about two years.

Identifying a Healthy Pineapple Top

When choosing a pineapple top, there are a few characteristics to look for to ensure its health. First, check the leaves for any signs of pests or diseases. Look for discoloration, spots, or holes, as these can indicate a problem. Next, examine the base of the pineapple top. It should be firm and not mushy or rotten. Finally, gently tug on the leaves to see if they come off easily. If they do, the top may not be suitable for propagation. By selecting a healthy pineapple top, you are setting yourself up for success in growing your own pineapple plant.

Preparing the Pineapple Top

Before planting the pineapple top, it is important to properly prepare it to ensure optimal growth. Start by removing any excess fruit flesh from the base of the top. This can be done by gently twisting and pulling the leaves until the flesh separates. Be careful not to damage the crown or the leaves. Once the flesh is removed, allow the pineapple top to dry for a few days. This will help prevent rotting when it is planted. After the top has dried, it is ready to be planted and begin its journey to becoming a full-grown pineapple plant.

Planting the Pineapple Top

Now that you have a healthy and prepared pineapple top, it's time to plant it and provide it with the optimal growing conditions. The first step is to choose the right container for planting. A container with drainage holes is essential to prevent waterlogged soil, which can lead to root rot. Fill the container with well-draining soil, such as a mixture of potting soil and perlite. This will create a suitable environment for the pineapple plant to thrive.

Soil Preparation

Before planting the pineapple top, prepare the soil by loosening it and removing any weeds or debris. Pineapples prefer slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 4.5 and 6.5. If your soil is not within this range, you can amend it by adding organic matter or sulfur to lower the pH, or lime to raise it. Mix the amendments into the soil thoroughly to ensure they are evenly distributed.

Planting the Pineapple Top

With the container and soil ready, it's time to plant the pineapple top. Make a small hole in the soil, deep enough to accommodate the base of the top without covering the crown. Place the pineapple top in the hole and gently press the soil around it to secure it in place. Water the plant thoroughly after planting to settle the soil and provide moisture to the roots. Place the container in a location that receives bright, indirect sunlight, as pineapples require at least six hours of sunlight per day to grow properly.

Caring for the Pineapple Plant

Once the pineapple top is planted, it requires proper care to thrive and produce fruit. This includes watering, providing adequate sunlight and temperature, fertilizing, and managing pests and diseases.


Water the pineapple plant regularly to keep the soil evenly moist, but not waterlogged. Check the moisture level by inserting your finger into the soil. If it feels dry, it's time to water. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot. Additionally, avoid getting water on the leaves and crown, as this can cause rotting.

Sunlight and Temperature

Pineapples require bright, indirect sunlight to grow properly. Place the plant in a location that receives at least six hours of sunlight per day. In terms of temperature, pineapples prefer warm climates with temperatures between 65 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Protect the plant from extreme temperatures and frost, as they can damage or kill the plant.


Feed the pineapple plant with a balanced fertilizer every two to three months during the growing season. Use a fertilizer specifically formulated for fruiting plants, and follow the instructions on the package for application rates. Fertilizing will provide the necessary nutrients for healthy growth and fruit production.

Pest and Disease Management

Keep an eye out for common pests and diseases that can affect pineapple plants, such as mealybugs, aphids, and root rot. Regularly inspect the plant for any signs of infestation or disease, such as yellowing leaves, wilting, or discoloration. If pests or diseases are detected, take appropriate measures to prevent their spread, such as using organic insecticides or fungicides, or removing and destroying affected parts of the plant.

Harvesting and Enjoying Pineapples

After months of care and patience, it's time to harvest your pineapples and enjoy the fruits of your labor. Knowing when and how to harvest pineapples is essential to ensure they are ripe and flavorful.

Signs of Ripeness

Indicators that a pineapple is ready to be harvested include a change in color from green to golden yellow, a sweet aroma, and a slight give when gently squeezed. The leaves at the center of the crown should also easily pull out. These signs indicate that the pineapple is ripe and ready to be enjoyed.

Harvesting Techniques

To harvest a pineapple, grip the fruit firmly and twist it gently until it detaches from the plant. Be careful not to damage the plant or the crown. Once harvested, remove the crown and any remaining leaves from the fruit. Rinse the pineapple under running water to remove any dirt or debris.

Storing and Using Pineapples

Freshly harvested pineapples can be stored at room temperature for a few days, or in the refrigerator for up to a week. To enjoy the pineapple, slice off the top and bottom, then cut away the skin. Remove the core if desired, and cut the pineapple into desired pieces. Pineapple can be eaten fresh, added to fruit salads, used in smoothies, or grilled for a delicious tropical twist.


Growing pineapples from the top is a rewarding and enjoyable experience. By selecting a healthy pineapple top, properly preparing and planting it, and providing the necessary care, you can watch your pineapple plant thrive and eventually harvest your own delicious pineapples. Remember to choose a container with proper drainage, prepare the soil, and provide adequate water, sunlight, and temperature. Regular fertilizing and pest management will also contribute to the success of your pineapple plant. With patience and care, you can enjoy the sweet taste of homegrown pineapples.

Frequently Asked Questions

Will a pineapple top root in water?

Yes, pineapple tops can root in water. Simply remove the bottom leaves from the pineapple top, leaving about an inch of the stem. Place the top in a glass of water, making sure the bottom is submerged. Change the water every few days and wait for roots to develop before transplanting it into soil.

Can I grow a tree from a pineapple top?

While you can grow a pineapple plant from the top, it won't develop into a full-sized tree. Instead, it will produce a smaller, ornamental plant with a pineapple on top. This can still be a fun and rewarding project, especially if you live in a warm climate where the plant can thrive outdoors.

How do you plant a pineapple top indoors?

To plant a pineapple top indoors, start by twisting off the leafy crown from a ripe pineapple. Remove the bottom leaves to expose about an inch of the stem. Let the crown dry for a few days to prevent rotting. Then, plant it in a well-draining potting mix, burying the stem up to the base of the leaves. Place the pot in a sunny location and water regularly, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings.

How long does it take a pineapple top to root in soil?

It typically takes about 2 to 4 weeks for a pineapple top to root in soil. During this time, keep the soil moist but not overly wet. Once roots have developed, you can gradually reduce watering frequency. Be patient and provide the plant with adequate sunlight and warmth, and it will establish a strong root system.

What is the best time to plant a pineapple top?

The best time to plant a pineapple top is during the warmer months, preferably in spring or early summer. Pineapples thrive in warm temperatures and need plenty of sunlight to grow. By planting during the optimal season, you give the plant the best chance to establish itself and grow successfully.

Can I grow a pineapple top in a pot?

Yes, you can definitely grow a pineapple top in a pot. Choose a pot that is at least 6 inches deep and wide, with drainage holes at the bottom. Fill the pot with well-draining potting mix and plant the pineapple top, burying the stem up to the base of the leaves. Place the pot in a sunny location and water regularly, allowing the soil to dry out slightly between waterings.

How long does it take for a pineapple top to grow into a fruit?

Growing a pineapple from a top can take anywhere from 18 to 36 months to produce a fruit. Patience is key when growing pineapples, as they have a slow growth rate. Provide the plant with proper care, including adequate sunlight, warmth, and regular watering, and eventually, you will be rewarded with a delicious homegrown pineapple.